Plastic Bags

Myths: Fact or Fiction

Degrade in Landfill Myth

The Single Use Myth

Recycling

Paper vs. Plastic Bags


Paper vs. Plastic Studies

Reusables Greener?

Types of Bags

Litter: The Facts
Public Health

Canada Update

Bags Around the World

The Oil Myth

Made in Canada
Ireland's Bag Tax

Studies & Statistics

Our sources, by topic, include:

Degrade in Landfill

Single-Use Myth

Are Reusable Bags Greener than Conventional Plastic Shopping Bags?

Amount of Primary Use Required for Reusable Bags to Match Environmental Performance of Conventional Plastic Shopping Bag*

Type of Carrier Bag

HDPE Bag
(No Secondary ReUse)

HDPE Bag
(40.3% reused as kitchen catchers)

HDPE Bag
(100% reused as kitchen catchers)

HDPE Bag
(reused 3 times)

Plastic Bag

1

2

2

3

LDPE Bag

4

5

9

12

Non-woven PP Bag

11

14

26

33

Cotton Bag

131

173

327

393

Graphic Look at the UK 2011 Life Cycle Assessment of Supermarket Bags (including reusables)
Source: BBC Magazine  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-17027990

Which bag has the lower carbon footprint?

Used just once, a plastic bag has a lower carbon footprint

Paper Versus Plastic Bags - Which is More Environmentally Friendly?

Paper versus Plastic – The Studies  

Litter - Canada

Ireland and its Litter Myth

Sacks and Bags of Polymer of Ethylene 39231200
TONNES - 1996 - 2006


YEAR
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

EU
12,204
13,939
16,724
16,345
17,575
18,275
20,730
19,016
19,028
22,379
24,515

NON EU
8,453
6,604
10,439
10,916
12,872
11,571
5,612
5,092
4,149
5,398
7,134

TOTAL
20,747
20,543
27,163
27,261
30,447
29,846
26,342* 
24,108
23,177
27,777
31,649**

Public Health - Lost in the Debate About Bags

Canada Update- Trends in Managing Plastic Shopping Bags

Recycling Council of Ontario Ontario Plastic Bag Reduction Task Force

Recycling

http://www.allaboutbags.ca/Images/recycling_clip_image002_0000.gif

Sources: End Market Statistics, NS & ON MOE Data, Recycling Council Input

Reduction Strategies - What Works

Waste Diversion - Diverting Bags from Landfill

PICTURE OF BAGS IN PROVINCE OF ONTARIO

Provincial Bag Task Group :

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Toronto Waste Audits & Stewardship Ontario Waste Audits multiple audits 2005 – 2007
http://www.stewardshipontario.ca/stewards/library/single-family-waste-audit-program#sf2007

City of Toronto 2011 Waste Audit Data on Plastic Shopping Bags

City of Toronto 2010/2011 Waste Audit Data on Plastic Shopping Bags
Single-family Waste Composition Audit – Combined Results - Summer 2010, Winter & Spring 2011

 

Green Bin

Recycling

Residual Waste

Total Generation

Material Category

Material Accepted

All Groups (kg/hhld per yr)

All Groups (kg/hhld per yr)

All Groups (kg/hhld per yr)

All Groups (kg/hhld per yr)

Percent of total(%)

Recovery Rate(%)

Polyethylene Plastic Bags & Film – Packaging Carry Out Bags

REC

2.21

0.77

2.07

5.05

0.6%

15.3%

Toronto 2011 Diversion - 2011 Residential Waste Diversion Organics

PICTURE OF BAGS IN TORONTO

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